Juvenile and Adult

  • Parallel ridges (cranial crests) on top of head, sometimes meet to form a bump (boss); appear with age
  • Large reddish-brown warts
  • Raised oval-shaped parotoid gland behind each eye
  • Two  prominent, elongated projections (tubercles) on underside of each hind foot
  • May have light stripe down middle of back
  • Background colour: brown, olive-green to grey

Body length: up to 8 cm


  • Loud high-pitched trill, which may last several seconds


  • Laid in long strings of closely positioned eggs in a single row


  • Eyes located centrally on body as viewed from above
  • Spiracle located high on body, in middle of left side as viewed from side
  • Tail muscle bicoloured, dark except for narrow light ventral area


  • Occurs sporadically throughout the eastern half of the province, occupying the boreal forest, aspen parkland, and northern prairie
  • Generally found in river valleys or along the margins of permanent waterbodies, within areas of loose soil that allow for easy burrowing

Learn more about the Canadian Toad

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