Peer Reviewed Publications 

Every year, Alberta Conservation Association (ACA) provides grants and supports Alberta-based research that focuses on increasing our knowledge of fish, wildlife and biodiversity. We have over 180 peer reviewed publications, starting from 1999 to the present. 


McInenly, L.E., E.H. Merrill, J.F. Cahill, and N.G. Juma 2010. Festuca campestris alters root morphology and growth in response to simulated grazing and nitrogen form. Functional Ecology 24: 283-292. 

Van Moorter B., D.R. Visscher, C.L. Jerde, J.L. Frair and E.H. Merrill. 2010. Identifying movement states from location data using cluster analysis. Journal of Wildlife Management 74: 588-594. 

Robinson, B.G., M. Hebblewhite, E.H. Merrill. 2010. Are migrant and resident elk (Cervus elaphus) exposed to similar forage and predation risk on their sympatric winter range? Oecologica 164: 265-275. 

Cullingham, C.I., S.M. Nakada, E.H. Merrill, T.K. Bollinger, M.J. Pybus, and D.W. Coltman. 2011. Multiscale population genetic analysis of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) in western Canada sheds new light on the spread of chronic wasting disease. Canadian Journal Zoology 89: 134-147. 

Cullingham C.I., E.H. Merrill, M. Pybus, Bollinger, TK., G.D., Wilson, D.W. Coltman. 2011. Broad and fine-scale genetic analysis of white-tailed deer populations: estimating the relative risk of chronic wasting disease spread. Evolutionary Applications 4: 116-131. 

Habib, T. J., E. H. Merrill, M. J. Pybus, and D. W. Coltman. 2011. Modelling landscape effects on density-contact rate relationships of deer in eastern Alberta: implications for chronic wasting disease. Ecological Modelling 222: 2722-2732. 

Webb, N. F., J.A. Allen and E. H. Merrill. 2011. Demography of a harvested wolf population in west-central Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal Zoology 89: 744-752. 

Nelson, B., M. Hebblewhite, V. Ezenwa, T. Shury, E.H. Merrill, P.C. Paquet, F. Schmiegelow, D. Seip, G. Skinner, N. Webb. 2012. Prevalence of antibodies to canine parvovirus and distemper virus in wolves in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48: 68-76. 

Hebblewhite, M. and E.H. Merrill. 2012. Demographic balancing of migrant and resident elk in a partially migratory population through forage–predation tradeoffs. Oikos 120: 1860-1870. 

McPhee, H.M., N.F. Webb, E.H. Merrill. 2012. Time-to-kill: measuring attack rates in a heterogeneous landscape with multiple prey types. Oikos 121: 711-720. 

Rees, E. E., E. H. Merrill, T. K. Bollinger, Y. T. Hwang, M. Pybus, D. Coltman. 2012. Targeting the detection of chronic wasting disease using the hunter harvest during early phases of an outbreak in Saskatchewan, Canada. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104: 149-159. 

McPhee, H. M, N. F. Webb, and E. H. Merrill. 2012. Hierarchical predation: wolf (Canis lupus) selection along hunt paths and at kill sites. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90: 555-563. 

Webb, N. F. and E. H. Merrill. 2012. Simulating carnivore movements: an occupancy-abundance relationship for surveying wolves. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36: 240-247. 

Habib, T. J., D. A. Moore, and E. H. Merrill. 2012. Detection and stratification approaches for aerial surveys of deer in prairie parklands. Wildlife Research 39: 593-602. 

Eggeman, S. L., M. Hebblewhite, H. Bohm, J. Whittington, and E. H. Merrill. 2016. Behavioural flexibility in migratory behaviour in a long-lived large herbivore. Journal of Animal Ecology 85: 785-797.

Nobert, B. E. H. Merrill, M. Pybus, T. Bollinger, and Y. T. Hwang. 2016. Landscape connectivity predicts chronic wasting disease risk in Canada. Journal of Applied Ecology 53: 1450-1459. 

Xu, C., M. S. Boyce, and D. J. Daley. 2004. Harvesting in seasonal environments. Mathematical Biology 50: 663-682.
Xu, C., and M. S. Boyce. 2009. Oil sardine (Sardinella longiceps) off the Malabar Coast:
density dependence and environmental effects. Fisheries Oceanography 18 (5): 359-370.
Varley, N., and M. S. Boyce. 2005. Adaptive management for reintroductions: Updating a wolf
recovery model for Yellowstone National Park. Ecological Modelling 193(3-4): 315-339.
Thurfjell, H., S. Cuiti, and M. S. Boyce. 2014. Applications of step-selection functions in
ecology and conservation. Movement Ecology 2:4.
Shier, C. J., and M. S. Boyce. 2009. Mink Prey Diversity Correlates with Mink-Muskrat Dynamics. Journal of Mammology 90(4): 897-905. 
Roberts, D. R., V. Bahn, S. Ciuti, M. S. Boyce, J, Elith, G. Guillera-Arroita, S. Hauenstein, J. J. Lahoz-Monfort, B. Schroder, W. Thuiller, D. I. Warton, B. A. Wintle, F. Hartig, and C. F. Dormann. 2016. Cross-validation strategies for data with temporal, spatial, hierarchical, or phylogenetic structure. doi:
Prokopenko, C. M., M. S. Boyce, and T. Avgar. 2016. Characterizing wildlife behavioural responses to roads using integrated step selection analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12768.
Muhly, T. B., M. Alexander, M. S. Boyce, R. Creasey, M. Hebblewhite, D. Paton, J. A. Pitt, and M. Musiani. 2010. Differential risk effects of wolves on wild versus domestic prey have consequences for conservation. Oikos 119: 1243-1254.
Lingle, S., A. Feldman, M. S. Boyce, and W. F. Wilson. 2008. Prey Behavior, Age-Dependent Vulnerability, and Predation Rates. The American Naturalist 175(5): 712-725. 
Killeen, J., H. Thurfjell, S. Ciuti, D. Paton, M. Musiani, and M. S. Boyce. 2014. Habitat selection during ungulate dispersal and exploratory movement at broad and fine scale with implications for conservation management. Movement Ecology 2:15.
Kauffman, M. J., N. Varley, D. W. Smith, D. R. Stahler, D. R. MacNulty, and M. S. Boyce. 2007. Landscape heterogeneity shapes predation in a newly restored predator–prey system. Ecology Letters 10:690-700.
Frair, J. L., E. H. Merrill, J. R. Allen, and M. S. Boyce. 2007. Know Thy Enemy: Experience Affects Elk Translocation Success in Risky Landscapes. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(2): 541-554. 
Found, C., S. M. Webb, and M. S. Boyce. 2008. Selection of lake habitats by waterbirds in the boreal transition zone of northeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86(4): 277-285. 
Avgar, T., J. R. Potts, M. A. Lewis, and M. S. Boyce. 2016. Integrated step selection analysis: bridging the gap between resource selection and animal movement. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7:619-630.
Benz, R. A., M. S. Boyce, H. Thurfjell, D. G. Paton, M. Musiani, C. F. Dormann, and S. Ciuti. 2016. Dispersal Ecology Informs Design of Large-Scale Wildlife Corridors. PLos ONE 11(9): e0162989.
Boyce, M. S., C. J. Johnson, E. H. Merrill, S. E. Nielsen, E. J. Solberg, ad B. van Moorter. 2016. Can habitat selection predict abundance? Journal of Animal Ecology 85: 11-20. 
Boyce, M. S., P. R. Vernier, S. E. Nielsen, and F. K. A. Schmiegelow. 2002. Evaluating resource selection functions. Ecological Modelling 157(2-3): 281-300. 
Boyce, M. S., J. Pitt, J. M. Northrup, A. T. Morehouse, K. H. Knopff, B. Cristescu, and G. B. Stenhouse. 2010. Temporal autocorrelation functions for movement rates from global positioning system radiotelemetry data . Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365 (1550): DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0080.
Ciuti, S., T. B. Muhly, D. G. Paton, A. D. McDevitt, M. Musiani, and M. S. Boyce. 2012. Human selection of elk behavioural traits in a landscape of fear. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279(1746): DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1483. 
Ciuti, S., J. M. Northrup, T. B. Muhly, S. Simi, M. Musiani, J. A. Pitt, and M. S. Boyce. 2012. Effects of Humans on Behaviour of Wildlife Exceed Those of Natural Predators in a Landscape of Fear. PLoS ONE 7(11): e50611.
Ensing E. P., S. Ciuti, F. A. L. M. de Wijs, D. H. Lentferink, A. ten Hoedt, M. S. Boyce, R. A. Hut. 2014. GPS Based Daily Activity Patterns in European Red Deer and North American Elk (Cervus elaphus): Indication for a Weak Circadian Clock in Ungulates. PLoS ONE 9(9): e106997.
Rovang, S., S. E. Nielsen, and G. Stenhouse. 2015. In the trap: detectability of fixed hair trap DNA methods in grizzly bear population monitoring. Wildlife Biology 21(2): 68-79. 
Pedersen, J. L. M., S. E. Macdonald, and S. E. Nielsen. 2016. Reproductive ecology of the distylous species Houstonia longifolia: implications for conservation of a rare species. Botany 94(10: 983-992. 
Nielsen, S. E., R. H. M. Munro, E. L. Bainbridge, G. B. Stenhouse, and M. S. Boyce. 2004. Grizzly bears and forestry II. Distribution of grizzly bear foods in clearcuts of west-central Alberta, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management 199: 67-82. 
Nielsen, S. E., M. S. Boyce, G. B. Stenhouse, and R. H. M. Munro. 2002. Modeling Grizzly bear habitats in the Yellowhead Ecosystem of Alberta: taking autocorrelation seriously. Ursus 13: 45-56.
Glasier, J. R. N., S. E. Nielsen, and J. Acorn. 2014. The real fire "ants": Colony size and body size of workers influence the fate of boreal sand hill ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) after wildfires in Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 147(04): 1-9.
Glasier, J. R. N, J. H. Acorn, S. E. Nielsen, and H. Proctor. 2013. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Alberta: A key to species based primarily on the worker caste. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification 22: 1-104. 
Girard, T. L., E. W. Bork, S. E. Nielsen, and M. J. Alexander. 2012. Landscape-Scale Factors Affecting Feral Horse Habitat Use During Summer Within The Rocky Mountain Foothills. Environmental Management 51(2): 435-447. 
Frair, J. L., S. E. Nielsen, E. H. Merrill, S. R. Lele, M. S. Boyce, R. H. M. Munro, G. B. Stenhouse, and H. L. Beyer. 2004. Removing GPS collar bias in habitat selection studies. Journal of Applied Ecology 41(1): 201-212. 
Braid, A. C. R., D. Manzer, and S. E. Nielsen. 2016. Wildlife habitat enhancements for grizzly bears: Survival rates of planted fruiting shrubs in forest harvests. Forest and Ecology Management 369(1): 144-154.
Braid, A. C. R., and S. E. Nielsen. 2015. Prioritizing Sites for Protection and Restoration for Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos) in Southwestern Alberta, Canada. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132501. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0132501.
Barber, Q. E., C. W. Bater, A. C. R. Braid, N. C. Coops, P. Tompalski, and S. E. Nielsen. 2016. Airborne laser scanning for modelling understory shrub abundance and productivity. Forest Ecology and Management 377(1): 46-54. 
Northrup, J. M., and M. S. Boyce. 2012. Mad Cow Policy and Management of Grizzly
Bear Incidents. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36(3): 499-505. 
Morehouses, A. T., and M. S. Boyce. 2016. Grizzly Bears Without Borders: Spatially Explicit Capture–Recapture in Southwestern Alberta. The Journal of Wildlife Management 80(7): 1152-1166. 
Knopff, K. H., A. A. Knopff, M. B. Warren, and M. S. Boyce. 2009. Evaluating Global Positioning System Telemetry Techniques for Estimating Cougar Predation Parameters. Journal of Wildlife Management 73(4): 586-597. 
Czetwertynski, S. M., M. S. Boyce, and F. K. Schmiegelow. 2007. Effects of hunting on demographic parameters of American black bears. Ursus 18(1): 1-18.
Cristescu, B., G. B. Stenhouse, M. S. Boyce. 2016. Large Omnivore Movements in Response to Surface Mining and Mine Reclamation. Scientific Reports 6: 19177.
Cristescu, B., G. B. Stenhouse, B. Goski, and M. S. Boyce. 2016. Grizzly bear space use, survival, and persistence in relation to human habitation and access. Human-Wildlife Interactions 10(2): 240-257. 
Bird, K. L., C. L. Aldridge, J. E. Carpenter, C. A. Paszkowski, M. S. Boyce, and D. W. Coltman. 2012. The secret sex lives of sage-grouse: multiple paternity and intraspecific nest parasitism
revealed through genetic analysis. Behavioral Ecology 24(1): 29-38. 
Bacon, M. M., and M. S. Boyce. 2016. Landscape of Fear for Naïve Prey: Ungulates
Flee Protected Area to Avoid a Re-established Predator. Canadian Wildlife Biology & Management 5(1). 
Bacon, M. M., and M. S. Boyce. 2010. Scavenging of an Elk, Cervus elaphus, Carcass by Multiple Cougars, Puma concolor, in Southeastern Alberta. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 
Allen, J. R., L. E. Mcinenly, E. H. Merrill, and M. S. Boyce. 2007. Using Resource Selection Functions to Improve Estimation of Elk Population Numbers. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(8): 1798-1804.
Aldridge, C. L, and M. S. Boyce. 2007. Linking Occurrence and Fitness to Persistence: Habitat-Based Approach for Endangered Greater Sage-Grouse. Ecological Applications 17(2): 508-526.
Newton, J. S., J. Glasier, H. E. L. Maw, H. C. Proctor, R. G. Foottit. 2011. Ants and subterranean Sternorrhyncha in a native grassland in east-central Alberta, Canada. The Canadian Entomologist 143(5): 518-523. 
Knopff, A. A., K. H. Knopff, M. S. Boyce, and C. C. St Clair. 2014. Flexible habitat selection by cougars in response to anthropogenic development. Biological Conservation 178: 136-145. 
Boyce, M. S., S. R. Lele, and B. W. Johns. 2005. Whooping crane recruitment enhanced by egg removal. Biological Conservation 126(3): 395-401. 
Poissant, J., D. Reale, J. G. A. Martin, M. Festa-Bianchet, and D. W. Coltman. 2013. A quantitative trait locus analysis of personality in wild bighorn sheep. Ecology and Evolution 3(3): 474-481. 
Kuzyk, G. W. 2001. Female and Calf Moose Remain Stationary and Non-Aggressive when Approached by Wolves in West-Central Alberta. Alberta Naturalist 31(4): 53-54. 
Beyer, H. L., E. H. Merrill, N. Varley, and M. S. Boyce. 2007. Willow on Yellowstone's Northern Range: Evidence for a Trophic Cascade? Ecological Applications 17(6): 1563-1571.
Pelletier, F., J. Bauman, and M. Festa-Bianchet. 2003. Fecal testosterone in bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis): behavioural and endocrine correlates. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81(10): 1678-1684. 
Kuzyk, G. W., J. Kneteman, and F. K. A. Schmiegelow. 2006. Pack Size of Wolves, Canis lupus, on Caribou, Rangifer tarandus, Winter Ranges in Westcentral Alberta. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 120(3): 131-318.
Wang, W., A. Tsuneda, C. F. Gibas, and R. S. Currah. 2008. Cryptosporiopsis species isolated from the roots of aspen in central Alberta: identification, morphology, and interactions with the host, in vitro. Canadian Journal of Botany 85(12): 1214-1226. 
Rodtka, M. C., C. S. Judd, P. K. M. Aku, and K. M. Fitzsimmons. 2015. Estimating occupancy and detection probability of juvenile bull trout using backpack electrofishing gear in a west-central Alberta watershed. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 72(5): 742-750.
Hogberg, L. K., K. J. Patriquin, and R. M. R. Barclay. 2002. Use by Bats of Patches of Residual Trees in Logged Areas of the Boreal Forest. The American Midland Naturalist 148(2): 282-288.
Hogan, D., J. E. Thompson, D. Esler, and W. S. Boyd. 2011. Discovery of Important Postbreeding Sites for Barrow's Goldeneye in the Boreal Transition Zone of Alberta. Waterbirds 34(3): 261-388. 
McDonald, W., and C. C. St Clair. 2004. Elements that promote highway crossing structure use by small mammals in Banff National Park. Journal of Applied Ecology 41(1): 82-93. 
Priestley, L. T., C. Priestley, D. M. Collister, D. Zazelenchuk, and M. Hannemann. 2010. Encounters of Northern Saw-Whet Owls (Aegolius acadicus) from Banding Stations in Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. Journal of Raptor Research 44(4): 300-310. 
Lee, P., and T. Barker. 2004. Impact of riparian buffer guidelines on old growth in western boreal forests of Canada. Forestry 78(3): 263-278. 
Pelletier, F., J. T. Hogg, and M. Festa-Bianchet. 2006. Male mating effort in a polygynous ungulate. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 60(5): 645-654. 
Ryan, S., L. Hanson, and M. Gismondi. 2014. Landscape-Scale Prioritization Process for Private Land Conservation in Alberta. Human Ecology 42(1): 103-114. 
Desserud, P. A., and M. A. Naeth. 2013. Natural Recovery of Rough Fescue (Festuca hallii (Vasey) Piper) Grassland After Disturbance by Pipeline Construction in Central Alberta, Canada. Natural Areas Journal 33(1): 91-98. 
Murphy, R. K., I. M. G. Michaud, D. R. C. Prescott, J. S. Ivan, B. J. Anderson, and M. L. French-Pombier. 2003. Predation on Adult Piping Plovers at Predator Exclosure Cages. Waterbirds 26(2): 150-155. 
Aumann, C., D. R. Farr, and S. Boutin. Multiple use, overlapping tenures, and the challenge of sustainable forestry in Alberta. The Forestry Chronicle 83(5): 642-650.
Boyce, M. S. 2006. Scale for resource selection functions. Diversity and Distributions 12(3): 269-276.
Pearson, K. J., and C. P. Goater. 2007. Distribution of long-toed salamanders and introduced trout in high- and low-elevation wetlands in southwestern Alberta, Canada. Ecoscience 15(4): 453-459. 
Decesare, N. J., J. Whittington, M. Hebblewhite, H. Robinson, M. Bradley, L. Neufeld, and M. Musiani. 2010. The Role of Translocation in Recovery of Woodland Caribou Populations. Conservation Biology 25(2): 365-373. 
Bacon, M. M., G. M. Becic, M. T. Epp, and M. S. Boyce. 2011. Do GPS clusters really work? carnivore diet from scat analysis and GPS telemetry methods. Wildlife Society Bulletin 35(4): 409-415. 
Williams, B. W., S. R. Gelder, and H. Proctor. 2008. Distribution and First Reports of Branchiobdellida (Annelida: Clitellata) on Crayfish in the Prairie Provinces of Canada. Western North American Naturalist 69(1): 119-124. 
Hamel, S., M. Garel, M. Festa-Bianchet, J. Gaillard, S. D. Cote. 2009. Spring Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) predicts annual variation in timing of peak faecal crude protein in mountain ungulates. Journal of Applied Ecology 46(3): 582-589. 
Tessaro, S. V., D. Deregt, E. Dzus, C. Rohner, K. Smith, and T. Gaboury. 2005. Herpesvirus Infection in Woodland Caribou in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 41(4): 803-805. 
Eaton, B. R., A. E. Moenting, C. A. Pazkowski, and D. Shpeley. 2008. Myiasis by Lucilia silvarum (Calliphoridae) in Amphibian Species in Boreal Alberta, Canada. Canada Journal of Parasitology 94(4): 949-952. 
Bayne, E. M., S. Boutin, and R. A. Moses. 2008. Ecological factors influencing the spatial pattern of Canada lynx relative to its southern range edge in Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86(10): 1189-1197. 
Boulanger, J., and G. B. Stenhouse. 2014. The Impact of Roads on the Demography of Grizzly Bears in Alberta. PLoS ONE 9(12): e115535. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115535. 
Fletcher, Q. E., C. W. Dockrill, D. J. Saher, and C. L. Aldridge. 2003. Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus, Attacks on Greater Sage-Grouse, Centerocercus urophasianus, in Southern Alberta. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 117(3) 479-480. 
Robichaud, C. B., and M. S. Boyce. 2010. Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Wolf Harvest on Registered Traplines in Alberta, Canada. The Journal of Wildlife Management 74(4): 635-643.
DeCesare, N. J., M. Hebblewhite, H. S. Robinson, and M. Musiani. 2009. Endangered, apparently: the role of apparent competition in endangered species conservation. Animal Conservation 13(4): 353-362.
Gonzalez-Voyer, A., M. Festa-Bianchet, and K. G. Smith. 2001. Efficiency of Aerial Surveys of Mountain Goats. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(1): 140-144.
Olson, C. R., and R. M. R. Barclay. 2013. Concurrent changes in group size and roost use by reproductive female little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 91(3): 149-155.
Webb, S. M. 2009. Marten Fur Harvests and Landscape Change in West-Central Alberta. Journal of Wildlife Management 73(6): 894-903.
Northrup, J. M., J. Pitt, T. B. Muhly, G. B. Stenhouse, M. Musiani, and M. S. Boyce. 2012. Vehicle traffic shapes grizzly bear behaviour on a multiple-use landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology 49(5): 1159-1167.
Miller, J. M., R. M. Malenfant, P. David, C. S. Davis, J. Poissant, J. T. Hogg, M. Festa-Bianchet, and D. W. Coltman. 2013. Estimating genome-wide heterozygosity: effects of demographic history and marker type. Heredity 112: 240-247.
Fisher, J. T., B. Anholt, and J. P. Volpe. 2011. Body mass explains characteristic scales of habitat selection in terrestrial mammals. Ecology and Evolution 1(4): 517-528. 
Matter, S. F., and J. Roland. 2002. An experimental examination of the effects of habitat quality on the dispersal and local abundance of the butterfly Parnassius smintheus. Ecological Entomology 27(3): 308-316.
Reimer, J. P., E. F. Baerwald, R. M. R. Barclay. 2010. Diet of Hoary (Lasiurus cinereus) and Silver-haired (Lasionycteris noctivagans) Bats While Migrating Through Southwestern Alberta in Late Summer and Autumn. The American Midland Naturalist 164(2): 230-237.
Pelletier, F., M. Festa-Bianchet, and J. T. Jorgenson. 2012. Data from selective harvests underestimate temporal trends in quantitative traits. Biology Letters 8(5): 878-881.
Lisgo, K. A., F. L. Bunnell, and A. S. Harestad. 2002. Summer and Fall Use of Logging Residue Piles by Female Short-tailed Weasels. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests, Nov 2-4, 1999, Reno, NV, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. General Technical Report PSW-GTR 181: 319-330.
Tremblay, M. A., C. C. St. Clair. 2009. Factors affecting the permeability of transportation and riparian corridors to the movements of songbirds in an urban landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology 46(6): 1314-1322.
Belisle, M, and C. C. St. Clair. 2001. Cumulative Effects of Barriers on the Movements of Forest Birds. Ecology and Society 5(2): 9. 
Muhly, T. B., M. Hebblewhite, D. Paton, J. A. Pitt, M. S. Boyce, and M. Musiani. 2013. Humans Strengthen Bottom-Up Effects and Weaken Trophic Cascades in a Terrestrial Food Web. PLoS ONE 8(5): e64311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064311.
Johnson, C. J., M. S. Boyce, C. C. Schwartz, and M. A. Haroldson. 2004. Modeling Survival: Application of the Andersen-Gill Model to Yellowstone Grizzly Bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(4): 966-978.
Knopff, K. H., N. F. Webb, and M. S. Boyce. 2013. Cougar population status and range expansion in Alberta during 1991–2010. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38(1): 116-121.
Hannah, K. C., and J. S. Hoyt. 2004. Northern Hawk Owls and Recent Burns: Does Burn Age Matter? The Condor 106(2): 420-423.
Mainguy, J., A. S. Llewellyn, K. Worley, S. D. Cote, and D. W. Coltman. 2005. Characterization of 29 polymorphic artiodactyl microsatellite markers for the mountain goat (Oreamnos americanus). Molecular Ecology Resources 5(4): 809-811.
Poissant, J., A. B. A. Shafer, C. S. Davis, J. Mainguy, J. T. Hogg, S. D. Cote, and D. W. Coltman. 2009. Genome-wide cross-amplification of domestic sheep microsatellites in bighorn sheep and mountain goats. Molecular Ecology Resources 9(4): 1121-1126.
Bayne, E. M., L. Habib, and S. Boutin. 2008. Impacts of Chronic Anthropogenic Noise from Energy-Sector Activity on Abundance of Songbirds in the Boreal Forest. Conservation Biology 22(5): 1186-1193. 
Scrimgeour, G. J., and S. Kendall. 2003. Effects of livestock grazing on benthic invertebrates from a native grassland ecosystem. Freshwater Biology 48(2): 347-362. 
Sorenson, T., P. D. Mcloughlin, D. Hervieux, E. Dzus, J. Nolan, B. Wynes, and S. Boutin. 2008. Determining Sustainable Levels of Cumulative Effects for Boreal Caribou. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(4): 900-905.
Hamel, S., S. D. Côté, K. G. Smith, and M. Festa-Bianchet. 2006. Population Dynamics and Harvest Potential of Mountain Goat Herds in Alberta. Journal of Wildlife Management 70(4): 1044-1053.
Ripley, T., G. Scrimgeour, and M. S. Boyce. 2005. Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) occurrence and abundance influenced by cumulative industrial developments in a Canadian boreal forest watershed. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62(11): 2431-2442. 
Ausband, D., and A. Moehrenschlager. 2009. Long-range juvenile dispersal and its implication for conservation of reintroduced swift fox Vulpes velox populations in the USA and Canada. Oryx 43(1): 73-77.
Manzer, D. L., and S. J. Hannon. 2005. Relating Grouse Nest Success and Corvid Density to Habitat: A Multi-Scale Approach. Journal of Wildlife Management 69(1): 110-123.
Northrup, J. M., G. B. Stenhouse, and M. S. Boyce. 2012. Agricultural lands as ecological traps for grizzly bears. Animal Conservation 15(4): 369-377.
Bianchet-Festa, M., D. W. Coltman, L. Turelli, and J. T. Jorgenson. 2004. Relative allocation to horn and body growth in bighorn rams varies with resource availability. Behavioral Ecology 15(2): 305-312.
Lambert, J. D., and S. J. Hannon. 2000. Short-Term Effects of Timber Harvest on Abundance, Territory Characteristics, and Pairing Success of Ovenbirds in Riparian Buffer Strips. The Auk 117(3): 687-698.
Mainguy, J., K. Worley, S. D. Côté, and D. W. Coltman. 2006. Low MHC DRB class II diversity in the mountain goat: past bottlenecks and possible role of pathogens and parasites. Conservation Genetics 8(4): 885-891.
Patriquin, K. J., and R. M. R. Barclay. 2003. Foraging by bats in cleared, thinned and unharvested boreal forest. Journal of Applied Ecology 40(4): 646-657.
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